Do you need to worry about those Thick, White, Grayish Patches formed inside your Mouth?
What is Leukoplakia?
Leukoplakia is an ailment in which thick white/greyish patches or lesions are formed inside the mouth. Leukoplakia can potentially develop into oral cancer. Within a decade, people with leukoplakia are likely to develop a common skin cancer type called Squamous Cell Carcinoma (SCC). White/ greyish patches mixed with red speckles may indicate oral cancer.
Leukoplakia can be bifurcated into the types given below:
- Non-homogenous An essentially white or white/grey and red, unevenly shaped patch could be flat, bulges, or elevated. The ulcerated and nodular mouth can help predict the plausibility that the patch will become cancerous.
- Homogenous A mostly white/grey, uniformly colored patches that are consistent throughout.
What are the symptoms of Leukoplakia?
The occurrence of leukoplakia patches can occur on the tongue, gums, the roof of your mouth, or the inside of the cheeks. These can be characterized by –
- White or gray patches/lesions
- Thick or slightly raised patches
- Hardened and rough in texture patches
- Irregular or flat-textured patches
These patches may develop and change in appearance slowly over. They’re customarily painless but tend to be sensitive to touch, heat, spicy foods, and other irritation.
What causes Leukoplakia?
These can be exactly determined. The potential triggers/causes include:
- Usage of tobacco either by smoking, chewing, etc.
- Injury on the inside of your mouth, such as biting, rub from dentures, braces, fillings, etc.
- Rough teeth edges
- Certain Inflammatory conditions of the body
- long-term alcohol use
- HIV AIDs
Treatment for Leukoplakia
Treatments are the most successful when the patch or lesion is treated early in the initial stages. Regular checkups are important, as is routinely inspecting your mouth prevents any aggravation. Commonly, eliminating the root of irritation clears the condition. When the elimination does not come handy, it could be early signs of cancer; the treatment plan may involve:
- Removal of patches: Patches may be removed using a scalpel, a laser, or a cryoprobe.
- Follow-up visits: Once you’ve had leukoplakia, recurrences are common. Therefore, it becomes of utmost importance to go for regular checkups to prevent leukoplakia patches’ recurrence.
We can prevent the majority of leukoplakia cases. Lifestyle changes include; Eating on a healthy and well-balanced diet, regular brushing, flossing your mouth daily, Discontinuing smoking or chewing tobacco, and out of all the most important one is visiting your dentist. These could act as preventive measures, but even though you’ve had leukoplakia once, follow-ups are something that should be considered as a must.
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IMAGE SOURCE healthline.com