6 Signs of Burning Mouth Syndrome
Burning mouth syndrome is a medical term for persistent (chronic) or recurrent burning in the mouth with no apparent cause. This discomfort can affect your tongue, gums, lips, inside of your cheeks, roof of your mouth (palate), or large areas of your mouth. The burning sensation can be excruciating as if you have scalded your mouth.
Burning mouth syndrome usually manifests itself abruptly, but it can also develop gradually over time. Unfortunately, the precise cause is frequently unknown. Although this complicates treatment, working closely with your health care team can help you reduce symptoms.
Signs and symptoms
- Among the symptoms of burning mouth syndrome are:
- A burning or scalding sensation usually affects the tongue and can also affect the lips, gums, palate, throat, or the entire mouth.
- a dry mouth sensation accompanied by increased thirst
- Changes in taste, such as a bitter or metallic taste, can occur in your mouth.
- Taste aversion
- In your mouth, you may experience tingling, stinging, or numbness.
The discomfort caused by burning mouth syndrome typically manifests itself in a variety of ways. It could be:
- Every day, with little pain, when you wake up, but becoming worse as the day goes on
- Begin as soon as you wake up and continue throughout the day
- Arrive and depart
Burning mouth syndrome can last for months or years, depending on your pattern of mouth discomfort. In rare cases, symptoms may disappear or become less frequent on their own. While eating or drinking, some sensations may be temporarily relieved.
Typically, burning mouth syndrome does not result in any visible physical changes to your tongue or mouth.
When should you see a doctor?
Consult your doctor or a dentist if you are experiencing discomfort, burning, or soreness in your tongue, lips, gums, or any other areas of your mouth. They may need to collaborate to identify a cause and develop an effective treatment plan.
Burning mouth syndrome can be caused by either a primary or secondary cause.
When no clinical or laboratory abnormalities are found, the condition is referred to as primary or idiopathic burning mouth syndrome. According to some research, primary burning mouth syndrome is linked to taste and sensory nerves in the peripheral or central nervous system.
An underlying medical condition can sometimes cause burning mouth syndrome. In these cases, the condition is known as secondary burning mouth syndrome.
The following are some of the underlying issues that may be linked to secondary burning mouth syndrome:
- Dry mouth also known as xerostomia can be caused by a variety of medications, health issues, problems with salivary gland function, or cancer treatment side effects
- Other oral conditions include a fungal infection of the mouth (oral thrush), an inflammatory disease called oral lichen planus, and a geographic tongue, which causes the language to look like a map.
- Iron, zinc, folate (vitamin B-9), thiamin (vitamin B-1), riboflavin (vitamin B-2), pyridoxine (vitamin B-6), and cobalamin deficiencies (vitamin B-12)
- Food allergies or reactions to flavorings, other food additives, fragrances, dyes, or dental-work substances
- Stomach acid reflux (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD) that enters your mouth through your stomach
- Certain medications, particularly those used to treat high blood pressure,
- Tongue thrusting, biting the tip of the tongue, and teeth grinding are all examples of oral habits (bruxism)
- Diabetes and hypothyroidism are examples of endocrine disorders (hypothyroidism)
- Excessive mouth irritation can be caused by overbrushing your tongue, using abrasive toothpaste, using too many mouthwashes, or drinking too many acidic beverages.
- Anxiety, depression, or stress are examples of psychological factors.
Foods to immediately avoid:
- Acidic foods can aggravate pain in people who have BMS. Avoid tomatoes, citrus products (those made with oranges, lemons, grapefruit, limes, and so on), carbonated beverages, and coffee.
- Spicy foods may aggravate the pain of those suffering from burning mouth syndrome. (This refers to “hot” foods, not those made with one or more mild spices.)
- Cinnamon and mint are two flavors that irritate people who suffer from burning mouth syndrome. In general, avoid foods containing either, especially if they have a strong taste of one or the other. (It should be noted that this warning also applies to toothpaste.)
- Alcohol-containing products may also cause pain. This includes alcoholic beverages such as beer, wine, cider, and liquor and products such as mouthwashes.
There is no known way to avoid burning mouth syndrome as of now. However, by avoiding tobacco, acidic foods, spicy foods, carbonated beverages, and excessive stress, you may be able to alleviate or prevent the symptoms of burning mouth syndrome.
Burning mouth syndrome is a condition which causes chronic pain that can have a negative impact on your quality of life. It may take several doctor visits to determine the condition. The agony could last for months or even years. Some people experience pain on a daily basis.