What are your Teeth Made of? How to take care of your Teeth?
We use our mouths and teeth every time we smile, frown, talk or eat. Our mouths and teeth allow us to make various facial expressions, form words, eat, drink, and begin the digestive process. The mouth is required for speech. Teeth, along with the lips and tongue, aid in the formation of words by controlling airflow out of the mouth. As some sounds are produced, the tongue strikes the teeth or the roof of the mouth. When we eat, our teeth tear, cut, and grind food so that it can be swallowed. The tongue aids in the movement of food to the teeth and allows us to taste what we eat.
What Are the Different Teeth Parts?
- Human teeth are composed of four distinct tissues: pulp, dentin, enamel, and cementum.
- The pulp is the innermost portion of the tooth and is made up of connective tissue, nerves, and blood vessels that provide nourishment to the tooth. The pulp is divided into two parts: the pulp chamber, which is located in the crown, and the root canal, which is located in the root of the tooth.
- Blood vessels and nerves enter the root through a small hole near the tip and travel through the canal into the pulp chamber.
- The pulp is surrounded by dentin. It is a hard yellow substance that makes up the majority of the tooth and is as hard as bone. Dentin is responsible for the yellowish tint of teeth.
- Enamel, the body’s hardest tissue, covers the dentin and forms the crown’s outermost layer. It allows teeth to withstand chewing pressure and protects them from harmful bacteria as well as temperature changes from hot and cold foods.
- Under the gum line, a layer of cementum covers the outside of the root and holds the tooth in place within the jawbone. Cementum has the same hardness as bone.
How to take care of your teeth?
- Brush your teeth gently on all sides with a soft-bristled toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste. Every 3 to 4 months, replace your toothbrush.
- Small circular motions and short back-and-forth strokes are recommended.
- Brush along your gum line gently and carefully.
- Brush your tongue lightly or use a tongue scraper to keep your mouth clean.
- Use dental floss, pre-threaded flossers, a water flosser, or a similar product to clean between your teeth. This removes plaque and food particles that a toothbrush cannot reach.
- After flossing, rinse thoroughly.
If brushing or flossing causes your gums to bleed or hurts your mouth, consult your dentist. If you have difficulty flossing, a floss holder may be of assistance. Ask your dentist to show you how to floss properly.
To avoid gum disease, follow these steps:
- Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste twice a day.
- Floss on a regular basis.
- Visit your dentist on a regular basis for a checkup and cleaning. Inform the dentist of any medical conditions you have and any medications you are taking.
- Consume a well-balanced diet.
- Stop smoking. Cigarette smoking raises your chances of developing gum disease.